Author: Abraham Jiménez
For some years, the use of BIM (Building Information Modeling) is consolidating in architecture, engineering and construction projects, thus generating a debate about the capturing of BIM data during the life cycle of every building in order to improve the efficiency of its management. Based on our professional experience, we are convinced that the integration of the data created in BIM with the management processes supported by IoT (Internet of Things) is only a matter of time, and therefore Pinearq is committed to contribute to a research focused on accelerate this process for health infrastructures.
BIM Data Integration in Healthcare Facilities Management
BIM represents a building as a database of coordinated information, consistent and computable during construction. Working with BIM is to work collaboratively from a common interconnected platform to include all those interested in a project.
While BIM consolidates among architects, engineers and builders, the need for greater efficiency in building management is increasing. According to a 2002 report from the US National Institute of Standards and Technology, expenses incurred due to inadequate data interoperability in the Facility Management (FM) industry amounted to US $ 15.8 billion. The report mentions that more than 65% of this cost is assumed by the facilities owners. Curiously, almost 85% of these expenses, around US $ 9 billion, will be made during the maintenance and conservation phases of the building's life cycle.
Taking into account these trends, it is logical to ask what the benefits are of incorporating the information contained in BIM to the process of management and maintenance of buildings. On one hand, the creation of information models in BIM has the potential to generate a radical change in the way buildings and their services are managed. A growing number of stakeholders around the world, especially in North America, are recognizing this fact. For health infrastructure managers, BIM's potential is to provide a central repository of information for their operational tasks that can greatly speed up their problem-solving process.
On the other hand, as the modeling of buildings continues to be developed, and its integration with the infrastructure management processes is investigated, new possibilities of interaction with technologies focused on capturing data about buildings performance are being proposed. With the arrival of the technology of smart buildings, more and more buildings are being equipped with intelligent automation systems: several types of sensors are being used to obtain large amounts of data to assess the performance of the building. Those sensors can be used to support the decisions made about the facilities operations and the equipment maintenance. These intelligent systems open the possibility to integrate real-time data collected and accumulated by sensors together with the spatial and technical information extracted from a BIM model. Such integration can be advantageous to control the performance of the construction processes and to evaluate the decisions related to the administration and operations of the infrastructures.
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