Everyone knows the capacity of the immediate surroundings to affect people’s health and well-being, as well as the fact that all the elements in a hospital influence every person’s mood and, therefore, the recovery. Well, this concept rises to the nth power when we talk about a children's hospital.

We understand the children's hospital as one specialized in the treatment of children's diseases: hospitals with programmatic needs different from that of an adult hospital and that require a special sensitivity in the architectural treatment. The users, due to their high dependence to those around them (family, caregivers, etc), need their new environment – which conforms an enormous break from what they know – to facilitate adaptation to make this change the least traumatic.

For this, besides already established concepts such as functionality, flexibility, technology, hospital design needs to include ideas of humanization and pediatrization of spaces. That is, to provide the hospital building with the ability to mimic the child's environment, so that the child can develop their daily activities as much as possible.

This is reflected in the architectural design by the use of both physical space, with the integration of playgrounds (for children or teenagers), adapted furniture, study spaces, family rooms, etc. It is also displayed in the environmental treatment through the use of colours, drawings and shapes that usually form part of children's everyday space, a resource already used in schools, day care centres and retail.

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